Kraków, Krakow, Cracow - the second largest and one of the oldest cities in Poland. Situated on the Vistula River (Polish: Wisła) in the Lesser Poland region, the city dates back to the 7th century. Krakow has traditionally been one of the leading centres of Polish academic, cultural, and artistic life and is one of Poland's most important economic hubs. It was the capital of Poland from 1038 to 1596; the capital of the Grand Duchy of Krakow from 1846 to 1918; and the capital of Krakow Voivodeship from the 14th century to 1999. It is now the capital of the Lesser Poland Voivodeship.
Krakow's historic center, which includes the Old Town, Kazimierz and the Wawel Castle, was included as the first of its kind on the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in 1978. The Old Town district of Krakow is home to about six thousand historic sites and more than two million works of art. Its rich variety of historic architecture includes Renaissance, Baroque and Gothic buildings. Krakow's palaces, churches, theatres and mansions display great variety of color, architectural details, stained glass, paintings, sculptures, and furnishings.
Krakow is officially home to about 800,000 people, while the Krakow metropolitan area totals up to one and a half million people. It is also home to about 170,000 students.
There are five nature reserves in Krakow, with a combined area of ca. 48.6 hectares. Due to their ecological value, these areas are legally protected. The western part of the city, along its northern and north-western side, borders an area of international significance known as the Jurassic Bielany-Tyniec refuge.
Points of interest outside the city include the Wieliczka salt mine, the Tatra Mountains , the former Nazi concentration camp at Auschwitz, and Ojcowski National Park.
Prof. Valery Forbes from the University of Lincoln-Nebraska will give a workshop entitled 'The Essentials of Scientific Networking – Be Remembered for the Right Reasons’.
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